Key words: docking, homology modeling, leprosy, M.leprae, molecular, molecular dynamics, ramachandran plot. Therefore identification of the novel drug target and potent drug can be helpful in better prevention of the disease. Alter et.al, (2008) Leprosy as a genetic model for susceptibility to common infectious disease, Hum Genet 2. (1999)Health Policy and Planning; 14(2): 89-102, Oxford University Press. Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied. (April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems. However, no computer can process the near infinite number of atoms in objects, so instead we model 'finite' groups of them. In the real world, everything that occurs results from the interaction between atoms (and sub-particles of those atoms). If we were to simulate the world in a computer, we would have to simulate this interaction based on the simple laws of physics. Domenico Prattichizzo,, and Antonio Bicchi,"Dynamic "Analysis of Mobility and Graspability of General Manipulation Systems" IEEE transactions on robotics and automation, vol. This paper presents a review of PSO application in Economic Load Dispatch problems. Results show that the hydraulic resistance is significantly reduced in the proposed four ports actuators; and the proposed cylinders run faster than the conventional cylinders and a considerable amount of energyis saved as well.
Palmberg, "Hydraulic transformers-comparison of different designs," 2004. Abstract: Leprosy or Hansen's disease is caused by an obligate intracellular pathogen i.e. Leprosy is a granulomatous disease of peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Bowers KJ, Chow E, Xu H, Dror RO, Eastwood MP, Gregersen BA, Klepeis JL, Kolossvary I, Moraes MA, Sacerdoti FD, Salmon JK, Shan Y, Shaw DE (2006) Scalable Algorithms for Molecular Dynamics Simulations on Commodity Clusters. Abstract: For dynamic optimization problems, the aim of an effective optimization algorithm is both to find the optimal solutions and to track the optima over time. Ki "Economic Load Dispatch: A New Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization Approach"sept.11 2007. Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Barcelona, Spain, April 2005. Dongwoon Choi, Woonghee Shon and Ho-Gil Lee "Design of 5 D. F Robot Hand with an artificial skin For An Android Robot" Department of Applied Robot Technology, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology Republic of Korea. Innas, "Cylinder Control with the floating cup hydraulic transformer," Proc. Key words: robot hand, Robotics, Robot Finger, Finger joints, FEA modeling. Ikuo Yamano, Takashi Maeno " Five Fingered Robotic hand Using Ultrasonic Motors and Elastic Elements" Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kieo University Hiyoshi Yokohama 223-8522, Japan. Zhe Xu, Emanual Todorov, Brian Dellon and Yoky Matsuoka " Design and Analysis of an artificial finger Joint for anthromorphic Robotic hands" Department of computer science & Engineering, University of Washington, WA 98195 USA. Gabriel Gómez , Alejandro Hernandez and Peter Eggenberger Hotz "An adaptive neural controller for a tendon Driven Robotic Hand" Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Department of Informatics, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Conventional hydraulic cylinders are simulated in FLUENT. Singh, "Derivation of design requirements for optimization of a high performance hydrostatic actuation system," International Journal of Fluid Power, vol. Results show that the small outlet ports are the sources of energy loss in hydraulic cylinders. Adhinarayanan, Maheswarapu Sydulu "Particle Swarm Optimisation for Economic Dispatch with Cubic Fuel Cost Function", TENCON 2006, IEEE region conference. Acyl Co A Synthetase is an enzyme that participates in fatty acid biosynthesis. The performance of proposed cellular genetic algorithms is examined under three dynamic optimization problems with different change severities. Most of the genes are involved in biosynthetic and metabolic pathways, so the product of these genes can be aimed for the novel drug target. Transmembrane movement of exogenous long-chain fatty acids: proteins, enzymes, and vectorial esterification. Moreover, in the second proposed rule, the competition scheme of the best individuals within the neighborhoods of one individual is also introduced. Abstract: Particle swarm optimization (PSO ) is an effective & reliable evolutionary based approach . Yuhui Shi and Russell Eberhart "A modified particle swarm optimizer" 0- 7803-4869-9198 0.0001998 IEEE.